Author
Murie, Olaus Johan
Title
Elk of North America, The
Series
Publisher
Stackpole Co., Harrisburg, PA and Wildlife Management Institute, Washington, DC
City
Washington
Date
1951
Original Date
Libraries
MAD EPL
URL
Comments
Chapter 4, Early Elk Distribution in America, has a subsection, Wisconsinm, which reads: Elk occurred throughout Wisconsin and were present in the State until almost the close of the nineteenth century. Jackson [Hartley Harrad Thompson Jackson, "A Preliminary List of Wisconsin Mammals." Wis. Nat. Hist. Soc. Bull. (n.s.) 6:13-34, 1909, illus.] stated: "The elk is without doubt now extinct in Wisconsin, but cast-off antlers scattered throughout the lakes, marshes and woods of northern Wisconsin attest of its former occurrence there. I have examined antlers of Cervus Eanadensis found in Ashland and Iron Counties." There are reports that the elk was present on Hay River in 1863 [P. R. Hoy, "The Larger Wild Animals that have become extinct in Wisconsin." Wis. Acad. Sci., Arts, and Letters Trans. Vol. 5 (1877-1881): 256] and in the vicinity of Green Bay in 1878 [A. M. Brayton, "Report on the Mammals of Ohio." Ohio Geol. Survey Rpt. Vol. 4, pt. 1, p. 80]; but during the Geological survey of 1873-1879, according to Strong [Moses Strong, "List of the Mammals of Wisconsin." Geology of Wisconsin, sureyu of 1873-1879, (1883), Vol. 1: p. 437-440], it occurred "very rarely in northern and central Wisconsin." The probably marked the end of the original elk disgtribution in the state.