AuthorMoser, W. Keith, Mark H. Hansen, Dasle Gormanson, Johahan Gilbert, Alexandra Wrobel, Marle R. Emery, and Michael J. Dockry
TitlePaper Birch (Wiigwaas) of the Lake States, 1980-2010, With Special Emphasis on Bark Characteristics in the Territories Ceded in the Treaties of 1836, 1837, 1842, and 1854
SeriesUS Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-149
PublisherU.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station
CityNewtown Square, PA
CommentsSpeaks of lack of fire (and clear-cutting) and reasons for less birch in the forest mix.