Eventually this topic will discuss both the natural history of deer in Wisconsin as well as the issue of deer herd management, including the issues relating to hunting deer.
A classic document on the question of deer herd management is the Minority Report of the Citizens' Deer Committee to Wisconsin Conservation Commission by a committee chaired by No topic [leopold aldo leopold] in which an antlerless hunt deer hunt is recommended. It also provides an estimate, challenged, of the deer population of Wisconsin at half a million. A recent DNR report cited this as follows:
"Estimating the number of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Wisconsin has been controversial for many years. In 1943 Aldo Leopold estimated the Wisconsin deer population at 500,000 animals. His estimate was questioned by Roy Jorgensen, editor of "Save Wisconsin's Deer" who instead suggested there were 200,000 deer." An Evaluation of the SAK Model.Charles P. ForbesAugust 31, 2009
Comprehensive ReferencesBuckles, Julie. Wisconsin's Disappearing Forest. [Site Lines, A Journal of Place. Vol. 13, #1, Fall, 2017] New York, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)Cutright and Kearns. Effects of Deer Herbivory on Birds. Madison, 2010. View Full Entry (Full text available)Jackson, H. H. T.. Mammals of Wisconsin. Madison, 1961. View Full EntryLeopold, Aldo, et al.. Minority Report of the Citizens' Deer Committee to Wisconsin Conservation Commission. [Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin, Vol. 8, #8, August, 1943] Madison, 1943. View Full EntrySanderson, Ivan. Living Mammals of the World. Garden City, New York, 1955. View Full EntryScott, Jack. Durable Deer. [Reader's Digest, Dec 1969 p.217. Orig. National Wildlife, Dec 1969-Jan 1970] 1969. View Full EntryWillging, Robert. On the Hunt. Madison, 2009. View Full Entry
Major ReferencesChristensen, Earl. Phytosociological Study of the Winter Range of Deer in Northern Wisconsin. [Ph.D. Thesis] Madison, 1954. View Full EntryCrowley, Mike and Marshia. White Deer Roam in Their Backyard. [Our Wisconsin, Premiere Issue, p. 14.] Greendale, Wisconsin, 2013. View Full EntryErickson, Sue. Treaty Night Hunt Still Unresolved. [Mazina'igan, A Chronicle of the Lake Superior Ojibwe, Winter 2014/2015, p. 1.] Odanah, Wisconsin, 2014. View Full Entry (Full text available)Flader, Susan. Thinking Like a Mountain. Lincoln, NE, 1978. View Full EntryGauthier and Dickinson. Effect of Deer Browse on a Northern Hardwood Forest in Baraga County, MI. [Partners News, April, 2016, p. 16.] Conover, 2016. View Full Entry (Full text available)Grossman, et al.. Upland and Northern Forests. [Chapter 4 of Our Vanishing Wiolderness.] New York, 1969. View Full EntryHabeck and Curtis. Forest Cover and Deer Population Densities in Early Northern Wisconsin. [Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, Vol. 48, 1959.] Madison, 1959. View Full Entry (Full text available)Hester, F. Eugene. Bucks in the Rut. [Wisconsin Trails, 28 #5, Oct. 2004, pp. 10-16.] Black Earth, 2004. View Full EntryKrech, Shepard. Ecological Indian, Myth and History. NY, 1999. View Full EntryLeopold, Aldo. Mortgaging the Future Deer Herd. [Wisconsin Conservation Bulletin, 12:9, Sept 1947, p. 3.] Madison, 1947. View Full EntryLeopold, Aldo. Game Survey of the North Central States. Washington, 1931. View Full EntryManwell, Robert. Reducing the CWD Risk. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, 26:5, October 2002, pp. 25-28.] Madison, 2002. View Full Entry (Full text available)Manwell, Robert. Appetite for Trouble. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 31, #5, October, 2007, pp. 17-20.] Madison, 2007. View Full Entry (Full text available)McCaffery and Creed. Significance of Forest Openings to Deer in Northern Wisconsin. [Technical Bulletin No. 44] Madison, 1969. View Full EntryMcCombie, Brian. Who Is To Blame for Mad Deer?. [The Progressive, August 2002] Madison, 2002. View Full EntryMcCown and Wallenfang. Wisconsin's Deer Management Program. [DNR PUBL-SS-931-98, Second Edition] Madison, 1998. View Full EntryMillspaugh et al.. Evaluation of the SAK [Sex-Age-Kill] Model as Applied in Wisconsin. [Draft Report to the DNR Bureau of Wildlife Management] Madison, 2006. View Full Entry (Full text available)Mitchell, John. Our Wily White-tailed Deer. [Smithsonian, Nov 1982 p.110] Washington, 1982. View Full EntryOhio Division of Wildlife. White-tailed Deer. [Life History Notes, Publication 101] Columbus, 1999. View Full Entry (Full text available)Ostergren, Robert C. and Thomas R. Vale, eds.. Wisconsin Land and Life. Madison, 1997. View Full EntryRawlings, Marjorie. Yearling. New York, 1938. View Full EntrySchorger, A. W.. White-Tailed Deer in Early Wisconsin. [Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters, Vol. 42, 1953] Madison, 1953. View Full Entry (Full text available)Storm et al.. Wisconsin's Dedication to Deer Research. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 37, #5, October, 2013. Speciall Center Section. PBL SS-1122-2013] Madison, 2013. View Full Entry (Full text available)Swift, Ernest. History of Wisconsin Deer. Madison, 1946. View Full EntryWarnke, Keith. Sizing Up the Deer Herd. [Wisconsin Natural Resources, Vol. 33, #5, October, 2009, pp. 4-9] Madison, 2009. View Full Entry (Full text available)Wiener, Rob, Ed.. Surveying Species, Monitoring Wisconsin's Wildlife. [Northbound, Vol. 27, #1, Winter 2007.] Eagle River, 2007. View Full EntryWisconsin Council on Forestry. Biennial Report 2015-2016. [Unnumbered State document, distributed on the Council's website] Madison, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)Wisconsin Council on Forestry. Position Paper on the Dynamic Relationship Between White-tailed Deer and Wisconsin Forests. [Transmitted by letter to Gov. Scott Walkter, January 30, 2017] Madison, 2017. View Full Entry (Full text available)
Minor ReferencesAnderson, Ken. Hunters Question DNR. [Vilas County News-Review, March 19, 2008. p. 1A] Eagle River, 2008. View Full EntryFeeney, et al.. Wisconsin: Deer Management Research. [Pittman-Robertson Quarterly, Vol. 4, #3, July 1944, pp. 122-3.] Washington, 1944. View Full Entry (Full text available)Gilchrist, Susan. Science Supporting Decisions, 2001-2003 Biennial Report, Wisconsin DNR, Bureau of Integrated Science Services. [PUB-SS-985 2003] Madison, 2003. View Full EntryHabeck, James. Winter Deer Activity in the White Cedar Swamps of Northern Wisconsin. [Ecology, Vol. 41, #2, April 1960, pp. 327-33] Bethesda, MD, 1960. View Full EntryLarsen, Jame. Wisconsin's Renewable Resources. Madison, 1956. View Full Entry (Full text available)McCullough, Dale . Population Growth Rate of the George Reserve Deer Herd. [Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 46, #4, 1982, pp. 1079-83.] Bethesda, MD, 1982. View Full EntryRussell, Dan. Antler Anatomy. [Country, Nov 1982 p.31] 1982. View Full EntrySams and Stoick. Lost in the Woods. [A successor to Stranger in the Woods (Bib. # 2113)] Milford, MI, 2004. View Full EntrySayner-Star Lake Chamber of Commerce. Star Lake, Wisconsin. [Annual Tourist Brochure] Sayner, 2008. View Full Entry